At the end of each year, there is a rumor that Hangzhou is about to adjust its zoning. Some people even “secretly” send out WeChat chat records, “personnel have been frozen, and adjustment will be made immediately.”. At the same time, adjustment plans began to circulate on the Internet. For example, this year’s plan is that the upper city of Jianggan will be merged into Shangcheng District, and Gongshu lower city will be merged into Gongshu District. Yuhang District will be divided into two parts, resulting in Yuhang District and Linping district. Of course, this is just a folk legend. There is no official news. However, in both last year’s and this year’s plans, the common ground is to work hard for the upper and lower urban areas, hoping to merge the upper and lower urban areas into other districts. Interestingly, in response to the public inquiries of Hangzhou citizens, the Hangzhou government replied in 2018 that “Hangzhou has no zoning adjustment plan.” In 2019, the reply became “there is no relevant information at present, please refer to the official information.” It’s hard to imagine.
So does Hangzhou need to adjust its zoning? Is this year’s “plan” reliable? The panda will analyze the problem based on history and data.
1 | why do we need zoning adjustment
Due to historical reasons, the old urban areas of many big cities will have developed economy and dense population, but the area under their jurisdiction is small. Since 2000, many big cities have begun to merge some districts with similar functions and small jurisdiction scope, so as to improve management efficiency. Let’s take a look at the eight consolidations related reorganization of 15 sub-provincial cities since 2000.
In 2002, Nanjing abolished Pukou District and Jiangpu District, established new Pukou District, abolished Dachang District and Liuhe County, and established Liuhe District In 2003, Xiamen merged Siming District, Gulangyu district, and Kaiyuan District to establish new Siming District In 2004, Harbin merged Taiping District and Daowai District to establish a new Daowai District
In 2005, Dongshan District was abolished and merged into Yuexiu District; Fangcun District was abolished and its area was merged into Liwan District, and Nansha District and Luogang district was newly established In 2006, Harbin merged Power District, Xiangfang District and established new Xiangfang District In 2012, Qingdao merged Qinhuai District and Baixia District, established new Qinhuai District, merged Gulou District, Xiaguan District and established new Gulou District In 2014, Guangzhou merged Huangpu District and Luogang District to establish a New Huangpu District In 2016, Jiangdong District of Ningbo was merged into Yinzhou DistrictThe reason why Guangzhou merged Dongshan District and Fangcun District in 2005 is that they are both administrative, economic and commercial centers. For example, Dongshan District and Yuexiu District are both administrative, economic, and commercial centers. Due to the great similarity, the merger can make high-quality education resources shared and shared, and facilitate integration and coordination. However, Liwan district is an old city with thousands of merchants, but it is limited by the administrative region. Fangcun District on the opposite bank has a vast land, which can complement each other. The merger can promote the development of the two districts.