This paper points out that the main group of people who go to the city to buy a house is the surrounding peasant families, and buying a marriage house for their children is an important motive of buying a house. In fact, after the implementation of the land contract system in the 1980s, the practice of building new houses for children to marry became popular. After 2000, new housing became a requirement for marriage; After 2010, however, the conditions for getting married changed again, from “building two big houses” to “buying apartments in cities (county or prefecture-level cities)”. To some extent, it is seen as an important channel to realize the social identity of peasant families. The author also points out the logic of China’s urbanization behind the “marriage house moving into the city” through the investigation of Shanxian county in the Shandong region. On the one hand, the improvement of the economic level has changed the consumption habits of Chinese people, and the urbanization process has alleviated the pressure of rural people and land to some extent. On the other hand, rural eastern China’s strong agricultural base still underlies a property boom that subsidizes the urbanization of its counties. Of course, the eastern case is not representative of the whole country. In the central and western regions, the industrial base of many counties and cities is still weak, which makes young people who marry and move to cities still have to earn a living by working in big cities, following the path their parents took when they were in the prime of life.
On the logic of Urbanization in China from the perspective of marriage house entering the city
Since the beginning of the new century, many small and medium-sized cities (represented by prefecture-level cities and county-level cities) across the country have experienced a wave of rapid and large-scale urbanization, with the urban construction area expanding like a pie and the urban population doubling. Unlike first-tier and second-tier cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, the new residents in small and medium-sized cities are mostly peasant families from the surrounding countryside, who have set off a wave of buying a property in the county or prefecture-level cities. Among households that bought homes in cities, buying a married house for their son was the most important reason. How to understand the phenomenon of marriage in the city? Where does the purchasing fund of the peasant family come from? Marriage house into the city can the family of peasant household take root in the city and live and work? What kind of urban-rural relationship does this phenomenon reflect?
Based on the field investigation in Shanxian county, Shandong region, this paper takes the perspective of rural parents around the age of 50 in Shanxian county to approach the issues related to marriage houses entering the city. Through the logic behind the phenomenon of culture and the analysis of economic practice, this paper argues that: in the wave of urbanization process, under the condition of mountain county special economic geography, generated a special relationship between urban and rural areas, with countless microscopic family intergenerational relationships as a link, hill county, countryside and agriculture “into the” mountain of the county urbanization process. Through the case of marriage houses entering the city in Shanxian county, we can get a glimpse of some unique patterns of Urbanization and urban-rural relationship in China.
Shan County urbanization and real estate market Like many other small and medium-sized cities across the country, in the past decade, located in the Shandong region of shan County. Earth-shaking changes have taken place in the county topography, the rapid growth of population from 190000 to 300000, the mainland from 19 square kilometers expansion to 36 square kilometers, multi-story and high-rise building of entrance guard cell replaced the cottage homes, old streets have been widened straightening, brand new ring bus, and public bicycle into the operation, the newly built parks, schools, hospitals, and shopping malls supermarkets, make the town looks more and more like a fashion city Spark Global Limited.